Freiston War Memorial/War Graves

St James

Photo by Barnes collection

Freiston War Memorial

FREISTON WAR MEMORIAL
(St James’ Churchyard, Freiston)

From March 2016 the Memorial has been added to the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest.  The memorial is now listed at Grade II.

The reasons given by Historic England are:

  • Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the conflicts of the 20th century.
  • Architectural interest: a well-ornamented memorial cross in the Celtic style;
  • Group value: with the Church of St James (Grade I) and the scheduled and Grade II list 14th century churchyard cross shaft.

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This research covers official war records, the 1911 census and details from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website, together with material from numerous websites.  The spelling of the names, dates and addresses often varies therefore; the authenticity can sometimes be questioned.

This has been compiled by Andy Mayes, Judy Crowe, Jean Warth, Sandra Millership  and Joan Barnes and any further information or corrections would be most welcome.

  • From Faculty papers found in the Lincoln Archives, the Rev J R Trotter applied for a faculty back in 1921 for the Freiston War Memorial.

‘The Petition of the Reverend John Robert Trotter, Clerk, M.A. Vicar of the Vicarage and Parish Church of Freiston in the County and Diocese of Lincoln and Richard Johnson Westland and George Hildred the Churchwardens.

That it is proposed by your Petitioners the said Vicar and Churchwardens to provide and place in a corner of the Churchyard of the Parish Church of Freiston aforesaid a Cross of Gray Granite in memory of the Parishioners who lost their lives in the Great War.

That the said Cross is to be about 10 feet 6 inches in height and that it is proposed to cut down part of an existing hedge to provide a suitable site for the Cross and to substitute for the said hedge an iron railing, but that no graves or monuments will be disturbed or interfered with by the erection of the said Cross.

That the said Cross is to bear the following Inscription, viz;

To the Glory of God and in lasting memory of the men from this parish who sacrificed their lives in the Great War 1914-1918.  They died that we might live.

That a copy of tracing and illustration of the design for the said Cross have been filed in the Registry of our said Court;

That our Petitioners the said Vicar and Churchwardens have undertaken to be responsible for the cost of the said Cross and of the works necessarily incurred in erecting the area the same and also the fees for the Faculty.’

(The above is an extract from the Faculty Papers)

 

The War Memorial was built by local memorial masons, Messrs Thomas Kent of Boston for an estimated cost of £400 including the memorial and iron railings.  The dedication service was led by Reverend Wilfred Price Twentyman and Major Oliver Cooper TD, 4th Lincolnshire Regiment, with a large gathering of villagers in attendance.  The names of those who died in the Second World War were added at a later date.

DESCRIPTION:  The War Memorial is located in the St James' churchyard, and stands behind wrought iron railings in the north-west corner of the churchyard, facing the road.  It is built of grey Cumberland granite in the form of a Celtic cross, standing on a concrete platform, with a square, three-stepped base, and a tapered square plinth with double rolled top.

The cross shaft is square on plan, with detailed knotwork and five bosses carved in relief on the front face of the cross head and shaft.  The remaining sides are undecorated.  The front of the memorial is inscribed in black lettering.  The base of the cross shaft has the inscription TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND IN LASTING MEMORY OF THE MEN FROM THIS PARISH WHO SACRIFICED THEIR LIVES IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918.  The names of the 13 men who died in the First World War are inscribed on the plinth, with the words THEY DIED THAT WE MIGHT LIVE below.  The top step is inscribed 1939-1945 with the names of the six men who died in the Second World War on the second step.

The memorial is protected from the road by hooped metal railings with spear and fleur de lis railing heads to the vertical bars and the dog rails.  The railing standards have backstays and scrolled finials.

  • The Parochial War Memorial is an Iona Cross in grey granite.  It stands in a corner of the Churchyard, and from where in olden days many would go to serve in the wars, against the French and the Scotch and in the Crusades.  The memorial was unveiled by Major Cooper and dedicated by Rev W P Twentyman on Sunday afternoon, November 13th 1921.

(The above is an extract from Freiston with Butterwick – A compilation by The Rev J R Trotter published in 1936)

All the names of the servicemen from Freiston who died in the First and Second World War are read out at St James’ Church at their Remembrance Service when the wreaths are laid.

 

World War I
Freiston Memorial

John Richard Barnes

Daniel Crunkhorn

Arthur Dean

William Henry Dowse

William Henry Fox

Frederick Holmes

Frank Pickwell Maddison

George Peet

Richard Sharp

Albert Stephenson

Abner Wray

Harry Wilson

Cecil Eley Westland

Freiston Churchyard/and other Memorials

James Charlish – St James’ Churchyard
Walter Codling – Fouquieres Churchyard Extension
Edward Hall – St James’ Churchyard
Robert Leggott – Forceville Communal Cemetery and Extension
James Theodore Sims – St James’ Churchyard


John Richard Barnes – Regimental Number 2612 – Born in 1888 in Freiston the son of William (aged 37) and Mary Ann (nee Shaw) (aged 30 years).  John was one of eight children, including Walter who also served in the war.  John was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School.

In 1911 the lived at White Loaf Lane, Freiston and John may have been living at Lincoln and joined the Metropolitan Police and could have married Millicent?

He was a Corporal in the Household Battalion.  Killed in action (France & Flanders) on 12th October 1917 aged 29 years and is commemorated at the Tyne Cot Memorial in Belguim (panel 3). 

(He would have been an uncle to J W (Jack) Barnes)

Daniel Crunkhorn – Regimental Number 27229 – Born 1896 in Freiston the son of Nathaniel and Lily of Freiston Shore.  His employment in 1911 was an Agricultural Labourer and lived at Long Hedges, Haltoft End.  Enlisted in Boston and was a Private in the 1st Battalion, of the King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment.  Killed in action (France & Flanders) on 23rd October 1916 aged 20 years and is commemorated at the Thiepval Memorial in France (Pier & Face 5D and 12B).

Arthur Dean – Born in 1874 in New Holland the son of John and Charlotte and was married to Martha (nee Rodgers).   His employment in 1911 was a Marine Engineer and lived at Wranby House, Freiston.   He was a Mercantile Marine (Donkeyman) on the SS Adriatic (Hull).  Died at Sea on the 31st October 1917 aged 42 and is commemorated at Tower Hill Memorial on the south side of the garden of Trinity Square, London, close to The Tower of London.

William Henry Dowse – Regimental Number 22497 - Born 1899 In Ashby the son of George Richard and Annie.  In 1911 he was at school and resided at King Edward Street, Grimsby.  He was a Private in the 2nd Battalion of the Grenadier Guards.  Killed in action (France & Flanders) on 30th March 1918 aged 19 years and is commemorated at Arras Memorial in France (Bay 1).

William Henry Fox – Regimental Number 30929 – Born 1889 in Thorpe St Peter the son of John and Elizabeth.  His employment in 1911 was Farm Labourer and lived at Butterwick.  Enlisted in Boston and was a Private in the 7th Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment.  Killed in action (France & Flanders) on 23rd April 1917 aged 27 years and is commemorated at the Arras Memorial in France (Bay 3 & 4).

Fred (Frederick) Holmes  - Regimental Number 4780 – Born 1882 at Freiston son of Fred and Susan, and was baptised at Freiston Church on the 17th September 1887.  Fred was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School. 

In 1901 the family lived at Haltoft End and in 1911 he was a Farm Labourer and resided at Freiston Bridge. 

Fred enlisted in Lincoln and was a Private in the 1/5th Battalion, of the Prince of Wales’ Own West Yorkshire Regiment.  He died of wounds (France & Flanders) on 4th September 1916 aged 34 years and is buried at Puchevillers British Cemetery in France (IV.A.24)

Frank Pickwell Maddison – Regimental Number 206 – Born 1892 at East Ardsley son of Richard and Betsy.  In 1911 he was a Farm Labourer and resided at Scrane End, Freiston.  Enlisted in Nottingham and was a Private in the N M D C Co of the Army Cyclist Corp.  He was discharged on the 1st September 1916, as physically unfit for war service.  He died of brain fever having been hurt in the head in France; at home in Freiston on the 27th June 1917 aged 25 years and is buried in St James’ Churchyard.

George Peet – Regimental Number 4621 – Born 1888 at Benwick, Cambs son of Thomas and Hannah.  In 1911 he was a Farm Labourer and resided at Haltoft End, Freiston.  Enlisted in Lincoln and was a Private in the 1/5th Battalion of the West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’ Own).  He died of wounds (France & Flanders) on 22nd July 1916 aged 28 years and is buried at Ste Marie Cemetery, Le Haavre in France (Div 3 B 5)

Richard Sharp – Regimental Number 12338 – Born in 1893 at Freiston son of Isaac and Mary Elizabeth.  Richard was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School.  In 1911 he was an Agricultural Labourer at Church End, Freiston.  Enlisted in Boston and was a Private in the 7th Battalion in the Lincolnshire Regiment.  He was killed in action (France & Flanders) on the 3rd July 1916 aged 23 years and is buried at Dantzig Alley British Cemetery, Mametz in France (IV L 2)

Albert Stephenson – Regimental Number  10073 – Born 1893 at Hull son of William and Maria.  In 1911 he was a Farm Labourer at Mill Pitt, Freiston.  He was a Private in the 6th Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment.  He died of wounds (Gallipoli) on the 26th July 1915 aged 28 and is commemorated at the Helles Memorial on the tip of the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey (Panel 44/46)

Abner Wray – Regimental Number M/285549 – Born 1871 at Freiston son of John and Mary.  Abner was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School.  In 1911 he was a Council Roads Worker and resided at Church End, Freiston.  Enlisted in Bourne and was a Private in the 1018th Motor Transport Coy of the Royal Army Service Corps.  He died in Iraq on the 29th December 1918 aged 47 and is buried in the Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery in Iraq (Grave VII, F 6)

Harry Wilson  - Regimental Number 52379 – Born 1887 and was the husband of Harriet Wilson of Low Fields, Butterwick.  He was a Private in the Middlesex Regiment.  He died on the 22nd July 1919 aged 32 years with double pneumonia after demobilisation.  He had been wounded and gassed in France and was receiving a pension.  His widow therefore received the pension.  Harry is buried at St James’ Churchyard.

Cecil Eley Westland – Regimental Number 2022375 – Born  1st     September, 1891 in Butterwick son of Richard Johnson and Alice (Mary) of Halltoft End, Freiston.  He also had a brother Richard H who served in the war (Folder 2) and three sisters; Lilian Mary, Winnifred Alice and   Mabel Sarah.  Cecil was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School.

The father was born in 1855 and died in 1940 and the mother Alice (nee Westland) born1854 and died 1902.  Subsequently Richard re-married in 1908 to Mary (nee Westland).

In 1891, the father is shown on the census as a grocer and the family  living on Brand End Road.

In 1901 the census shows the family still living at Brand End Road and the father is a farmer.

In 1911 Cecil, now working as a labourer, and family lived in Freiston, before he embarked with three friends for Canada, with the promise of cheap plots of land.

Cecil arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada on the 31st March 1912 and in January 1917 went from Canada to Washington USA, as a        labourer. 

Information shows a Registration Card dated 5th June 1917 for Flathead County, Montana, showing he joined up for the war with the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force.  He was a Private in the 72nd Battalion of the  Canadian Infantry (British Columbia  Regiment) and died on the 31st January 1919 aged 27 years and is buried at Etaples Military Cemetery (Grave LXXII A 37)


(Cecil was an Uncle to Rev R T (Dick) Westland, who has provided some of this information).

Burials in Freiston (St James’) Churchyard (not mentioned on war memorial)

Edward Hall – Regimental Number L.14614 – son of Edward Paulson Hall.  He was a Private with the Depot, Royal Fusiliers and died through gas poisoning on 25th October 1916 aged 29 years.  He was buried in St James Churchyard, Freiston on 29th October 1916.

James Charlish – Regimental Number S/5193 – husband of Mabel Charlish of Whiteloaf Hall.  He was a rifleman in the 8th Battalion of the Rifle Brigade and died on 18th February 1919 aged 31 years.  He was buried in St James Churchyard on the 21st February 1919, abode been given as London.

Walter Codling – Regimental Number 242463 – Son of Joseph Codling of Jolly Farmer Inn, and the late Mrs Charlotte Codling.  He was baptised at Freiston Church on 22nd June 1879.  Walter was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School.  He was Private in the 1st/5th Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment and died on the 18th June 1918 aged 39 years.  Walter is remembered with honour and buried at Fouquieres Churchyard Extension in France

Robert Leggott – Regimental Number 16380 – Son of Charles Ravell and Esther Leggott of Freiston, born in 1882 and baptised at Freiston Church on the 20th March.  Robert was a pupil of Butterwick Old Boys School and is commemorated on the memorial in Butterwick School He was a Private in the 7th Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment and died on the 2nd May 1918 aged 36 years.  Robert is remembered with honour and buried at Forceville Communal Cemetery and Extension in France.


Flight Sub-Lieutenant James Theodore Sims – originally from Bath and serving with the Royal Naval Air Service.  Died, aged 30 years, whilst training at the Freiston ‘finishing’ school with an ‘Avro 504E’  He was buried on 29th May 1917, in buried in St James’ Churchyard Freiston alongside the three Canadians, with a private memorial stone.St james

  • Also remembered in Freiston St James’ Churchyard are the following three Canadians who as part of the Royal Air Force were posted to No 4 Fighting School at Freiston and sadly died whilst in training with the ‘Sopwith Camel C25’.

  • St james

Second Lieutenant John William Dowling – Service Number 77122 – Son of Francis William and Dorothy H. Dowling, of 454, Twelfth Avenue West, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.  Died 26th June 1918 aged 21 years.

Second Lieutenant John Freele Meek – Son of James and Sarah Meek, of Port Stanley, Ontario, Canada. Served with 24th Bn. C.E.F. (V.R.C.).  Died 14th August 1918 aged 25 years.

Second Lieutenant Edward Lambert Bach – Service Number 322862 – Son of James E and Ellen of 139, Glengrove Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.  Died 30th August 1918 aged 20 years.


(More information on the Fighting School can be found in ‘The Freiston Aviators’ by Chris Howard & Alastair Goodrum published in 2006)


World War 2


Edward Bradshaw

Ronald Codling

James Arthur Curtis

Charley Sidney Eldred

Herbert Henry Ward

Percy William Welbourn


Edward (Ted) Bradshaw – Regimental Number 9448551 – Born in 1918 at Butterwick.  He was a Warrant Officer (Air Gunner) in the 31st Squadron Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Air Force.  He died in Poland on the 17th August 1944 aged 26 years and is buried at the Krakow Rakowicki Cemetery in Poland (1 C 3)

Ronald Codling  - Regimental Number 1818737 – Born in 1923 the son of Herbert and Eva Annie of Haltoft End, Freiston.  He was a Sergeant (Air Gunner) in 207 Squadron Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Air Force.  He died in Germany on the 21st January 1944 aged 21 years and is buried in the Berlin 1939-1945 War Cemetery in Germany (5 B 35)

James Arthur Curtis – Regimental Number 953170 – Born in 1920.  He was a Leading Aircraftsman in the Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Air Force.  He died on the 30th June 1944 at home and is buried in St James’ Churchyard, Freiston.

Charles Sidney Eldred – Regimental Number 1039680 – Born in 1920 son of George Henry and Elizabeth and was married to Sylvia Mavis.  He was a Leading Aircraftsman in the Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Air Force.  He died in India on the 23rd September 1943 aged 23 years and is buried at the Madras War Cemetery, Chennai in India (1 H 13)

Herbert Henry Ward – Regimental Number 7887507 – Born in 1915 the son of Samuel and Ethel of Stickney.  He was a Trooper in the Royal Tank Regiment of the Royal Armoured Corp.  He died in France (France & Belgium Campaign 39/40) between the 23rd May and the 31st May1940 aged 25 years and is commemorated on the Dunkirk Memorial in France (column 5)

• The authenticity is questioned, no mention of Freiston.

Percy William Welbourn  - Regimental Number 6982526 – Born in 1915 the son of Frederick and Bertha and was married to Margaret Mary of Earls Barton, Northamptonshire.  He was a Fusilier in the 1st Battalion, Princess Victoria’s Section of the Royal Irish Fusiliers.  He died on the 18th January 1943 (North Africa) aged 30 years and is buried at the Massicault War Cemetery in Tunisia (VI B 5)

 

(updated May 2017)