Photograph of the excavation at the castle hill site in welbourn

Castle Hill Archaelogical Evaluation undertaken 7th. & 8th. October 2000
Carried out by Archaelogical Project Services.

An archaeological evaluation comprising a programme of trial trenching and augering was undertaken in order to assess the presence and character of the archaeological resource within the Scheduled Ancient Monument of Welbourn Castle, Lincolnshire.
Previous geophysical survey identified structures, walls and rubble spreads at the site, which is considered to be of medieval date.
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Photograph of a selection of artefacts from the welbourn castle hill evaluation

Stamford ware pottery of the 10th - 12th century was retrieved from the site and indicates activity dating either, prior to or from the period of the castle's initial construction. The investigation revealed that the geophysical signals in part of the site were produced by wall tumble and ditches dated to the 13th-14th century with further features, including a probable perimeter rampart of clay, also being recorded.

Photograph of the artefacts from the welbourn castle hill evaluation

The retrieved artefacts are indicative of a medieval domestic assemblage. Demolition rubble was recorded within the trenches confirming the abandonment of the site after this period. Robber trenches suggest that the stone was removed probably to be used within the village. Limestone rubble recorded at the base of the auger holes probably relates to this period of demolition and abandonment when rubble would have been tipped down the earthwork.

A dearth of finds dating to the post-medieval period suggests that the site remained abandoned until the 18th- 20th century, when the site appears to have been used for agricultural purposes and more recently the tipping of modern waste.